CO2 capture and sequestration technologies will be a necessity for coal based power generation in the medium and long term future. In the recent years enormous R&D activities have been initiated. The activities can be categorised by three major approaches namely:
- Pre-combustion capture or fuel decarbonisation (e.g. via gasification using the water-shift reaction to produce H2 and CO2)
- Combustion with nitrogen-free comburent such as oxy-fuel and chemical-looping combustion, wherein combustion products consist mainly of CO2 and water vapour.
- Post-combustion capture with CO2 separation from flue gas (e.g. using amine scrubbing).
Oxy-coal combustion is considered as the most direct method for CO2-capture and as an attractive choice with regard to efficiency and costs. However oxy-coal combustion requires the redesign of the furnace, as the combustion of coal only with oxygen would result in temperatures, which would be technically not feasible.
The IFRF report is a thorough review of industrial and research activities on oxy-coal combustion. It is the intention of the report to support current and future developments by publishing the state of knowledge.
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If you are an IFRF Individual Members – i.e. you have your IFRF NET User Name and Password, you can download this report as a complete pdf file (3157 kb) or in 3 parts (each in the range 1000 to 1500 kb) by going to: http://www.research.ifrf.net/research/programme.html?pid=13 – click on G23/y/1.
An abstract is placed in the open domain at this URL.