H2morrow study of potential for supplying blue hydrogen to German steel plant to move into next phase after initial findings of viability
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Combustion Industry News Editor
The exploratory H2morrow project conducted by German gas distributor OGE, Thyssenkrupp and Equinor has completed its first phase, concluding that it would be technically possible to supply ‘blue’ hydrogen – after decarbonising methane – to Germany’s largest steel plant, located in Duisburg. As part of the feasibility study, options for the sourcing and transport of hydrogen to the Duisburg site were examined, as were options for offshore storage of stripped carbon dioxide. Three possible locations for a hydrogen plant were identified, a site on the Dutch coast in Eemshaven and two on the German North Sea coast, sized either at 1.4 GW or 2.7 GW. The study concluded that pipelines were the only viable means of transporting the blue hydrogen, the cost of pipeline transport being minor compared to the cost of hydrogen production. Both storage of the captured CO2 within the Northern Lights project in Norway or at the Porthos project offshore of Rotterdam were considered viable. Overall, the study estimated “a price for blue hydrogen of approximately 2.1 euros per kilogram (corresponding to 58 euros/MWh) based on an expected future and long-term average natural gas price of 23 euros/MWh.” The partners have agreed to continue the project, and will elaborate details of potential production sites and discuss storage with Northern Lights, Porthos, and other potential storage sites. The earliest they can see the project being up and running is 2027, although they note that certain regulatory issues must be clarified to enable the project to proceed.